Development Projects

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   The electricity industry connects generation sources to homes and businesses via transmission and distribution networks. Electricity is sold to consumers by companies who have bought it from the generators and pay to use the networks across which it is transmitted.


Generation


    Generation is the production of electricity from fossil fuel and nuclear power stations, as well as renewable sources such as wind, Hydro and solar.

    In this business, we main tarket is to build, to own, to operate and/or to transfer like as fossil fuel power plant or solar power plant in MEA. We know that most countries does not own or operate any electricity generation in the MEA but build only.

   We sell the electricity generated by our plants which made based on a long-term power supply agreement. The contract allows us to recover our efficient operating costs. This means that return on equity about our investment to the generation assets.
   For solar generation, we recover our costs and a reasonable return from customers through a solar cost adjustment factor. This is added to the electricity rate, net of revenues earned from the solar assets.


Interconnectors


   Transmission lines are often interconnected betwwen countries as grid so that energy can flow from one country to the other contries. This helps provide a safe, secure, reliable and affordable energy supply for citizens and society across the region.

    Transmission lines also can allow power suppliers to sell their energy to customers in the other countries. We owns a part of the member for Consortium which consists of interconnectors.

   We also jointly own and operate the interconnectors. By this, we can sell the capacity on our M.E.A. interconnectors through auctions and on interconnector's network through wholesale markets and bilateral contracts.


Transmission


   Transmission systems generally include overhead lines, underground cables and substations, which will connect generation and interconnectors to the distribution system.

   We own and operate the transmission network; we also may operate but do not own the networks in some area.

   In this business, we jointly own and operate transmission facilities spanning. We can operate and maintain the transmission system under contract.


Distribution


   Distribution systems feed lower voltages through transmission systems by networks of overhead lines, underground cables and substations. They take over the role of transporting electricity from the transmission network, and deliver to consumers with a voltage which the end user can use.

   We do not own or operate electricity distribution networks in the M.E.A.

    In addition, we will operate and maintain the distribution system under contract.


Supply


   The supply of electricity involves buying electricity and selling it on to customers. It also involves customer services, billing and the collection of customer accounts.

   We do not sell electricity to consumers in the M.E.A.

   Working on an electricity distribution line. All the region in which we can operate in MEA are deregulated and consumers can choose their energy supplier.

   Where customers choose us, they pay us for distribution and electricity costs. Where they choose to buy electricity from third parties, they pay us for distribution only and pay the third party supplier for the electricity. Our base charges for electricity supply are calculated to recover the purchased power costs.


System Operator


   As system operator (SO), we coordinate and direct electricity flows onto and over the transmission system, balancing generation supply and user demand. Where necessary, we pay sources of supply and demand to increase or decrease their generation or usage.

   Our charges for SO services in the M.E.A. are subject to a price control approved by regulratories. System users pay us for connection, for using the system and balancing services. As electricity transmission system operator, our price control includes incentives to minimize the costs and associated risks of balancing the system through buying and selling energy, as well as procuring balancing services from industry participants. The form of this incentive has yet to be agreed and is currently subject to industry consultation.

   In the MEA, these services are provided by independent system operators.